Our childhood was great and so were the stories we read at that time, each story had its own way of teaching a lesson or a hidden message. So remembering a great phrase from one of those stories “The Jungle Book” , Bageerah (a black cheetah) says to Mowgli (a jungle boy).
“The elephants created this jungle. Where they made furrows with their tusks the rivers ran. Where they blew their trunks the leaves fell. They made all that belongs: the mountains, the trees, the birds in the trees”
Though everything we read in these fictional stories are not true but some of it is. Elephants do play a very important role in maintaining a healthy forest.
Well, these big creatures influence forest composition and density by creating clearings and gaps in the canopy that encourage tree regeneration, and many seeds need to pass through an elephant's digestive tract before they can germinate. They leave many fruits uneaten on ground which is a healthy source of food for other species of crawlers.
During the dry season, elephants use their tusks to dig for water. This not only allows the elephants to survive in dry environments and when droughts strike, but also provide water for other animals that share harsh habitats.
Researchers believe they are keystone species, playing an important role in maintaining the biodiversity of the ecosystems in which they live.
But they are placed on the list of Endangered (EN) Species. Asian Elephants are facing high risk of becoming Critically (CR) Threatened species.
For thousands of years elephants are hunted. Initially, ancient humans use to hunt them for meat as they were easy prey forming a big source of food to sustain family needs for days and its big bones provided an structural strength to their houses.
But today, when we understand meaning of conservation still they are being hunted for their Ivory. Few decades back Africa recorded devastating loss in the population of elephants as in East Asian market they were high on demand, partially for medicinal, cosmetic purpose and partially for decorative purpose. With the initiative of “Save The Elephants” and strict laws were passed by International and local Community people became more concerned about their population. And shortly Elephant's started to thrive in Africa.
But since in Asian Black Market Cost of Elephant Ivory touched the skies poachers shifted their focus form big African Elephant Ivory to small Asian Elephants Ivory resulting in vast decline in their population over Asian Continent.
Habitat Loss :
Another big reason for the decline in the population of Asian Elephants is the habitat loss. Because of population boom in Asian countries, people are converting more forest into a farm land each day despite the presence of strict laws.
On average elephant can eat 150 kilograms of food each day to survive. An elephant usually spend more than two-thirds of its day satisfying this hefty appetite. They are big in size and so they need bigger area to survive.
Many organisations are currently working towards the conservation of these species and luckily we are associated with one. If you wanna show your concern then this is the direct link to the organisation who are involved in such activities GVI Trust or GlobalGiving. Each product you buy from Our Store has it's share towards better tomorrow! ( i.e. percentage profit is donated from each sale to organisation involved in these Activities )"